Testudo hermanni boettgeriYoung American Alligator Georgetown, South CarolinaGreek tortoise of North-East Turkey

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Reptiles are tetrapods, and also are amniotes, animals whose embryos are surrounded by an amniotic membrane. Today they are represented by four surviving orders: more...

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  • Crocodilia (crocodiles, Caimans and alligators): 23 species
  • Rhynchocephalia (tuataras from New Zealand): 2 species
  • Squamata (lizards, snakes and amphisbaenids ("worm-lizards") ): approximately 7,600 species
  • Testudines (turtles): approximately 300 species
  • Aves (birds): approximately 9,000 species, here categorized as a seperate class.

Reptiles are found on every continent except for Antarctica, although their main distribution comprises the tropics and subtropics. Though all cellular metabolism produces some heat, modern species of reptiles do not generate enough to maintain a constant body temperature and are thus referred to as "cold-blooded", though this term has fallen out of favor. (See the Leatherback Sea Turtle for an exception: a reptile that elevates its body temperature well above that of its surroundings.) Instead they rely on gathering and losing heat from the environment to regulate their internal temperature, e.g, by moving between sun and shade, or by preferential circulation — moving warmed blood into the body core, while pushing cool blood to the periphery. In their natural habitats, most species are adept at this, and can maintain core body temperatures within a fairly narrow range, comparable to that of mammals and birds, the two surviving groups of "warm-blooded" animals. While this lack of adequate internal heating imposes costs relative to temperature regulation through behavior, it also provides a large benefit by allowing reptiles to survive on much less food than comparably-sized mammals and birds, who burn much of their food for warmth. While warm-blooded animals move faster in general, an attacking lizard, snake or crocodile moves very quickly.

Most reptile species are oviparous (egg-laying). Many species of squamates, however, are capable of giving live birth. This is achieved, either through ovoviviparity (egg retention), or viviparity (babies born without use of calcified eggs). Many of the viviparous species feed their fetuses through various forms of placenta, just like mammals (Pianka & Vitt, 2003 pgs: 116-118). They often provide considerable initial care for their hatchlings.

However, note the taxonomy issues described below; mammals and birds can also be viewed as descendants of reptiles.

Classification of reptiles

From the classical standpoint, reptiles included all the amniotes except birds and mammals. Thus reptiles were defined as the set of animals that includes crocodiles, alligators, tuatara, lizards, snakes, amphisbaenians and turtles, grouped together as the class Reptilia (Latin repere, "to creep"). This is still the usual definition of the term.

Read more at Wikipedia.org


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Zilla Slimline Desert 50 Uvb T8 Fluorescent FixtureZilla Slimline Desert 50 Uvb T8 Fluorescent Fixture $27.99 List price:  Previous Price $39.99 Reptile Humidifier / Reptile Fogger *Manufacturer Direct* - 2 Liter TankReptile Humidifier / Reptile Fogger *Manufacturer Direct* - 2 Liter Tank $64.99
TetraFauna ReptoMin Select-A-Food for Aquatic Turtles, Newts & FrogsTetraFauna ReptoMin Select-A-Food for Aquatic Turtles, Newts & Frogs $5.47 Zilla Black Light Bulb Reptile Night Heat Lamp Incandescent 75 WattZilla Black Light Bulb Reptile Night Heat Lamp Incandescent 75 Watt $7.75
Exo Terra Thermoelectric Reptile Egg IncubatorExo Terra Thermoelectric Reptile Egg Incubator $159.00 Live Springtails, (Mixed Culture): From Critters DirectLive Springtails, (Mixed Culture): From Critters Direct $18.99 to $44.99
Live Crickets - All Sizes 500 - 10,000 Free Shipping $15.99/500 $23.99/1000Live Crickets - All Sizes 500 - 10,000 Free Shipping $15.99/500 $23.99/1000 $15.99 to $174.99 Exo Terra Natural Advanced Habitat Terrarium, 24inExo Terra Natural Advanced Habitat Terrarium, 24in $109.89
1000 Live Superworms Free Shipping1000 Live Superworms Free Shipping $25.99 Zoo Med Gourmet Aquatic Turtle Food 11 OzZoo Med Gourmet Aquatic Turtle Food 11 Oz $11.49
Black Panther Zoological ColorBomb Gecko Diet + Free Bertopia Geckos penBlack Panther Zoological ColorBomb Gecko Diet + Free Bertopia Geckos pen $8.00 to $55.00 Zoo Med Repti Therm Uth Under Tank Heater Reptile Heat Pad Mat 10-20 gallon-NewZoo Med Repti Therm Uth Under Tank Heater Reptile Heat Pad Mat 10-20 gallon-New $16.50 Trending at $17.48
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Porcellio Scaber Grey Isopods Small Feeders Bioactive tank cleaners 12ct-1,000ctPorcellio Scaber Grey Isopods Small Feeders Bioactive tank cleaners 12ct-1,000ct $6.00 to $130.00 100, 250, 500, 1000+ Live Crickets (Banded) - Starting 100/$13.99 - 500/$15.99100, 250, 500, 1000+ Live Crickets (Banded) - Starting 100/$13.99 - 500/$15.99 $13.99 to $75.99
Porcellio Laevis Isopods Small Feeders Bioactive tank cleaners 12-24ctPorcellio Laevis Isopods Small Feeders Bioactive tank cleaners 12-24ct $16.00 Dubia Roaches 100 Large - Free ShippingDubia Roaches 100 Large - Free Shipping $33.00
25 Adult Male Dubia Roaches - Perfect Feed For Your Reptiles25 Adult Male Dubia Roaches - Perfect Feed For Your Reptiles $17.99 Springtail Cultures, Temperate or Pink. Feeders and Mini CleanersSpringtail Cultures, Temperate or Pink. Feeders and Mini Cleaners $24.00 to $34.00
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*Flat Backed Millipede*(Polydesmus Angustus)*Vivarium*Clean Up Crew*Feeders*Cuc**Flat Backed Millipede*(Polydesmus Angustus)*Vivarium*Clean Up Crew*Feeders*Cuc* $26.40 Was:  Previous Price $30.00 Zoo Med Reptile Heat Cable 50 Watts 23 feetZoo Med Reptile Heat Cable 50 Watts 23 feet $33.87
100 120cm Snake Catcher Clamp Reptile Handler Grabber Tong with Self-lock Stick100 120cm Snake Catcher Clamp Reptile Handler Grabber Tong with Self-lock Stick $16.51 to $17.37 Was:  Previous Price $18.48 Reptile Egg Incubator Chicken Bird Hatching Digital Brooder Reptipro 6000 ProReptile Egg Incubator Chicken Bird Hatching Digital Brooder Reptipro 6000 Pro $138.93
50 Extra Large Dubia Roaches - Ships Same Day Free50 Extra Large Dubia Roaches - Ships Same Day Free $23.00 to $26.50 MistKing Starter Misting System Version 4.0 Brand New orchids frogs geckos fernsMistKing Starter Misting System Version 4.0 Brand New orchids frogs geckos ferns $129.00
Zilla Cover Screen Metal Door Black 24x12 Inch. *Free Shipping*Zilla Cover Screen Metal Door Black 24x12 Inch. *Free Shipping* $17.43 Trending at $18.70 Cleaner Crew - Dermestid Beetle Larvae - Free ShippingCleaner Crew - Dermestid Beetle Larvae - Free Shipping $12.53 to $40.46
Indoor Snake Turtle Lizard Reptile 50 Led Uv Uva Light Bulb 110V E27 Usa CertIndoor Snake Turtle Lizard Reptile 50 Led Uv Uva Light Bulb 110V E27 Usa Cert $15.99 110V Pet Reptile Breed Ceramic Heat Emitter Heater Light Brooder Lamp Heat Bulb110V Pet Reptile Breed Ceramic Heat Emitter Heater Light Brooder Lamp Heat Bulb $7.34 to $9.44
1/2 Lb Powdered Mulberry Food Silkworm Chow1/2 Lb Powdered Mulberry Food Silkworm Chow $12.95 Zoo Med Repti Basking Spot Lamps 100W Unique Patented Double Reflector Beam 2PkZoo Med Repti Basking Spot Lamps 100W Unique Patented Double Reflector Beam 2Pk $17.99
25W-75W Base Reptile Uva Uvb Heat Light Bulb Full Spectrum Sun Glo Heat Light25W-75W Base Reptile Uva Uvb Heat Light Bulb Full Spectrum Sun Glo Heat Light $6.99 Zoo Med Repti FoggerZoo Med Repti Fogger $49.99 List price:  Previous Price $64.99
1,000 Small Dubia Roaches1,000 Small Dubia Roaches $45.00 Zoo Med Repti Tuff Splashproof Halogen Lamp 50 WattsZoo Med Repti Tuff Splashproof Halogen Lamp 50 Watts $9.40 Trending at $10.30
1200 Large Mealworms Live - Oregon Raised - Pnw - maxamealies1200 Large Mealworms Live - Oregon Raised - Pnw - maxamealies $15.00 Zoo Med Repti Calcium Without D3 3 Oz Reptile Supplement Free Shipping In UsaZoo Med Repti Calcium Without D3 3 Oz Reptile Supplement Free Shipping In Usa $7.99
Zoo Med Eco Earth Compressed Coconut Fiber Substrate, 3 BricksZoo Med Eco Earth Compressed Coconut Fiber Substrate, 3 Bricks $12.59 Live Superworms - 1000 Large - Organically Raised - Free Shipping!Live Superworms - 1000 Large - Organically Raised - Free Shipping! $29.99
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Zoo Med Repti Therm Uth Under Tank Heater Rh-5 Reptile Heat Pad Mat 30-40 gallonZoo Med Repti Therm Uth Under Tank Heater Rh-5 Reptile Heat Pad Mat 30-40 gallon $23.25 Live Superworms 500, 1000, 3000, 4000 - Small, Medium, Large - Free ShippingLive Superworms 500, 1000, 3000, 4000 - Small, Medium, Large - Free Shipping $12.99 to $113.00
1200 Large Live High Quality Mealworms Raised in the Pacific Northwest (Pnw)1200 Large Live High Quality Mealworms Raised in the Pacific Northwest (Pnw) $15.00 Zoo Med Repti Basking Spot Lamp 25 50 75 100 150 250 Watt Reptiles LightZoo Med Repti Basking Spot Lamp 25 50 75 100 150 250 Watt Reptiles Light $7.97 to $17.99
100 Large (about 1") Dubia Roaches to Feed Your Reptile100 Large (about 1") Dubia Roaches to Feed Your Reptile $33.00 Live Large Mealworms *Free* ShippingLive Large Mealworms *Free* Shipping $15.00
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Aluminum Alloy Snake Clamp Handle Tongs Catcher Stick 70Cm 100Cm 120CmAluminum Alloy Snake Clamp Handle Tongs Catcher Stick 70Cm 100Cm 120Cm $16.99 to $18.99 Was:  Previous Price $28.99 1800 large mealworms Live - Quality raised in Oregon - Pnw - maxamealies1800 large mealworms Live - Quality raised in Oregon - Pnw - maxamealies $19.00
110V Digital Temperature Controller Thermostat reptile snake heater heating warm110V Digital Temperature Controller Thermostat reptile snake heater heating warm $35.09 Was:  Previous Price $38.99 Fnova 47-inch Aluminum Alloy Professional Standard Snake Tong Reptile Grabber.Fnova 47-inch Aluminum Alloy Professional Standard Snake Tong Reptile Grabber. $37.28
Black Soldier Flies Larvae, reptile food, grub, worm, protein meal for petBlack Soldier Flies Larvae, reptile food, grub, worm, protein meal for pet $3.99 to $79.99 Dubia-Roaches-Blaptica Medium 3/8" to 3/4" 50 - 500 Free-ShippingDubia-Roaches-Blaptica Medium 3/8" to 3/4" 50 - 500 Free-Shipping $17.60 to $57.20
50 Live Superworms(Gut Loaded) - From ColdwaterFarmsLarvae50 Live Superworms(Gut Loaded) - From ColdwaterFarmsLarvae $7.99 Repti Basking Spot 100 W Watt Reptile Terrarium Light 2 Bulb Value Pack Zoo MedRepti Basking Spot 100 W Watt Reptile Terrarium Light 2 Bulb Value Pack Zoo Med $17.99
Fruit Fly Culture Kit (Flightless - Hydei Or Melanogaster) Will make 10 culturesFruit Fly Culture Kit (Flightless - Hydei Or Melanogaster) Will make 10 cultures $21.99 California Bloodless Castration Bander Stainless Steel and Bands (25 pk)California Bloodless Castration Bander Stainless Steel and Bands (25 pk) $25.00 to $49.00
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Ramard 079019 Total Blood fluids muscle Replenishment for horses , 11.9 lb/180Ramard 079019 Total Blood fluids muscle Replenishment for horses , 11.9 lb/180 $344.72 Zoo Med Forest Floor BeddingZoo Med Forest Floor Bedding $17.49 List price:  Previous Price $24.99
Zoo Med Repti Rapids Led Waterfall - Skull Style - SmallZoo Med Repti Rapids Led Waterfall - Skull Style - Small $39.99 Live Superworms - 500 Bulk Worms - Reptile Feeder Insects - Free ShippingLive Superworms - 500 Bulk Worms - Reptile Feeder Insects - Free Shipping $13.99 to $18.95
Gallon Bag Live Organic Sphagnum Moss Terrarium Vivarium Frog Bogs GardenGallon Bag Live Organic Sphagnum Moss Terrarium Vivarium Frog Bogs Garden $15.00 Zoo Med Reptirain Automatic Misting Machine Hm-10Zoo Med Reptirain Automatic Misting Machine Hm-10 $52.00 Trending at $62.00
Dubia Roaches - Live Feeder Insects. medium small large adult mix kit colonyDubia Roaches - Live Feeder Insects. medium small large adult mix kit colony $18.00 to $79.00 Zoo Med Natural Bush Plant Cannabis (Free Shipping)Zoo Med Natural Bush Plant Cannabis (Free Shipping) $6.95 to $10.95
Tortoise Banquet Block Vegetable/Cactus/Calcium Food Beak Supplement Zoo Med LgTortoise Banquet Block Vegetable/Cactus/Calcium Food Beak Supplement Zoo Med Lg $6.97 Zoo Med Tropical Uvb Heat Lighting KitZoo Med Tropical Uvb Heat Lighting Kit $35.64
reptibreeze led deluxe open air aluminum screen habitat, x-large 24 l x 24 w xreptibreeze led deluxe open air aluminum screen habitat, x-large 24 l x 24 w x $239.27 Zoo Med Repti Rock Animal Reptile Corner Water Dish Lg Kb40Zoo Med Repti Rock Animal Reptile Corner Water Dish Lg Kb40 $22.87
Exo Terra Dripper Plant Large , Hagen, Pt-2492Exo Terra Dripper Plant Large , Hagen, Pt-2492 $39.00 Zoo Med Reptile Lamp Stand , Lf21 tanks to 20 gallon longZoo Med Reptile Lamp Stand , Lf21 tanks to 20 gallon long $22.95
Zilla Incandescent Night Red Heat Bulb - 100 Watt Or 150 Watt NewZilla Incandescent Night Red Heat Bulb - 100 Watt Or 150 Watt New $6.25 to $10.25 Reptile Ceramic Heat Lamp, 110V Infrared Heat Emitter Heating Light Lamp for.Reptile Ceramic Heat Lamp, 110V Infrared Heat Emitter Heating Light Lamp for. $36.94
200 Small Discoid Roaches - (Joe's Bugz)200 Small Discoid Roaches - (Joe's Bugz) $35.00 New 2 Pcs 12" 30cm Reptile Feeding Tongs Tweezers Curved Stainless SteelNew 2 Pcs 12" 30cm Reptile Feeding Tongs Tweezers Curved Stainless Steel $8.99
Aquatic Turtle Food 4 Pounds Floating 38% Protein Bulk Package Free Shipping !Aquatic Turtle Food 4 Pounds Floating 38% Protein Bulk Package Free Shipping ! $19.85 Live Crickets-Choose (Sm. Med. Lrg. Sizes) grown by Gimminy Crickets & WormsLive Crickets-Choose (Sm. Med. Lrg. Sizes) grown by Gimminy Crickets & Worms $12.99 to $59.99
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Peruvian Sphagnum Moss (150g 12L) (1 brick)Peruvian Sphagnum Moss (150g 12L) (1 brick) $8.50 2.2L Tank Amphibians Reptile Fogger Humidifier Vaporizer Fog Maker Generator Usa2.2L Tank Amphibians Reptile Fogger Humidifier Vaporizer Fog Maker Generator Usa $51.99
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Reptile Snake Tongs Heavy Duty Stick Grabber Foldable Catcher Tool with LockReptile Snake Tongs Heavy Duty Stick Grabber Foldable Catcher Tool with Lock $17.99 Was:  Previous Price $37.99 Zilla Day-White Black 50 W 75 100 150 Watt Heat Light Reptile Spot BulbZilla Day-White Black 50 W 75 100 150 Watt Heat Light Reptile Spot Bulb $8.97 to $10.97
110V-130V Nonluminous Infrared Ceramic Heat Emitter Lamp for Reptile 75W-150W110V-130V Nonluminous Infrared Ceramic Heat Emitter Lamp for Reptile 75W-150W $6.49 to $6.89 Was:  Previous Price $16.79 HatchRite Reptile Egg Incubation Substrate 2 lbHatchRite Reptile Egg Incubation Substrate 2 lb $19.99
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Prices current as of last update, 02/21/18 7:56pm.

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