Testudo hermanni boettgeriYoung American Alligator Georgetown, South CarolinaGreek tortoise of North-East Turkey

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Reptiles are tetrapods, and also are amniotes, animals whose embryos are surrounded by an amniotic membrane. Today they are represented by four surviving orders: more...

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  • Crocodilia (crocodiles, Caimans and alligators): 23 species
  • Rhynchocephalia (tuataras from New Zealand): 2 species
  • Squamata (lizards, snakes and amphisbaenids ("worm-lizards") ): approximately 7,600 species
  • Testudines (turtles): approximately 300 species
  • Aves (birds): approximately 9,000 species, here categorized as a seperate class.

Reptiles are found on every continent except for Antarctica, although their main distribution comprises the tropics and subtropics. Though all cellular metabolism produces some heat, modern species of reptiles do not generate enough to maintain a constant body temperature and are thus referred to as "cold-blooded", though this term has fallen out of favor. (See the Leatherback Sea Turtle for an exception: a reptile that elevates its body temperature well above that of its surroundings.) Instead they rely on gathering and losing heat from the environment to regulate their internal temperature, e.g, by moving between sun and shade, or by preferential circulation — moving warmed blood into the body core, while pushing cool blood to the periphery. In their natural habitats, most species are adept at this, and can maintain core body temperatures within a fairly narrow range, comparable to that of mammals and birds, the two surviving groups of "warm-blooded" animals. While this lack of adequate internal heating imposes costs relative to temperature regulation through behavior, it also provides a large benefit by allowing reptiles to survive on much less food than comparably-sized mammals and birds, who burn much of their food for warmth. While warm-blooded animals move faster in general, an attacking lizard, snake or crocodile moves very quickly.

Most reptile species are oviparous (egg-laying). Many species of squamates, however, are capable of giving live birth. This is achieved, either through ovoviviparity (egg retention), or viviparity (babies born without use of calcified eggs). Many of the viviparous species feed their fetuses through various forms of placenta, just like mammals (Pianka & Vitt, 2003 pgs: 116-118). They often provide considerable initial care for their hatchlings.

However, note the taxonomy issues described below; mammals and birds can also be viewed as descendants of reptiles.

Classification of reptiles

From the classical standpoint, reptiles included all the amniotes except birds and mammals. Thus reptiles were defined as the set of animals that includes crocodiles, alligators, tuatara, lizards, snakes, amphisbaenians and turtles, grouped together as the class Reptilia (Latin repere, "to creep"). This is still the usual definition of the term.

Read more at Wikipedia.org


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10-15 Live Horn Worms "Goliath Tomato Worms" - Free Shipping Same Day10-15 Live Horn Worms "Goliath Tomato Worms" - Free Shipping Same Day $15.53 500 Live Wax Worms Live Bait Ice Fishing Bee moth Wild Blue Bird Reptile Food500 Live Wax Worms Live Bait Ice Fishing Bee moth Wild Blue Bird Reptile Food $20.34
Live Sheet Moss for TerrariumLive Sheet Moss for Terrarium $10.00 Three Live Millipede 3 1/2" To 5" N. americanusThree Live Millipede 3 1/2" To 5" N. americanus $10.95
Live Wax Worms 50, 250, 500, 1000 feeding or fishing- Free Shipping!Live Wax Worms 50, 250, 500, 1000 feeding or fishing- Free Shipping! $9.50 to $46.19 Pangea Fruit Mix With Insects Crested Gecko Complete Diet 2 oz NewPangea Fruit Mix With Insects Crested Gecko Complete Diet 2 oz New $13.79
Zoo Med Turtle Bone 2 PackZoo Med Turtle Bone 2 Pack $4.83 Waxworms, Wax worms, Bee Moth Larvae, Fishing, Reptile Feeders, Free ShippingWaxworms, Wax worms, Bee Moth Larvae, Fishing, Reptile Feeders, Free Shipping $8.99 to $35.99
1800 large mealworms Live - Quality raised in Oregon1800 large mealworms Live - Quality raised in Oregon $19.00 Zilla Reptile Terrarium Heat Lamps & Habitat Lighting Dome, Blk 8.5-in, NewZilla Reptile Terrarium Heat Lamps & Habitat Lighting Dome, Blk 8.5-in, New $12.80
Live Crickets-Choose (Sm. Med. Lrg. Sizes) grown by Gimminy Crickets & WormsLive Crickets-Choose (Sm. Med. Lrg. Sizes) grown by Gimminy Crickets & Worms $12.99 to $59.99 Zoo Med Repti Therm Uth Under Tank Heater Rh-4 Reptile Heat Pad Mat 10-20 gallonZoo Med Repti Therm Uth Under Tank Heater Rh-4 Reptile Heat Pad Mat 10-20 gallon $16.99
Reptile Habitat Setup Aquarium Tank Kit Filter Screen Lid Bask Lamp Turtle FrogReptile Habitat Setup Aquarium Tank Kit Filter Screen Lid Bask Lamp Turtle Frog $65.97 Pangea Suction Cup Gecko LedgePangea Suction Cup Gecko Ledge $11.99 to $12.99
Peruvian Sphagnum Moss (150g 12L) (1 brick)Peruvian Sphagnum Moss (150g 12L) (1 brick) $8.50 100 Count Live Feeder Crickets Includes Free Shipping100 Count Live Feeder Crickets Includes Free Shipping $10.00
25 Live Grey Pill Bug Isopods - Cleaning Crew + Small Feeder - Bioactive tank25 Live Grey Pill Bug Isopods - Cleaning Crew + Small Feeder - Bioactive tank $5.99 Zoo Med ReptiBreeze Screen Terrarium Large 18x18x36 Open Air Aluminum CageZoo Med ReptiBreeze Screen Terrarium Large 18x18x36 Open Air Aluminum Cage $70.33 Trending at $77.29
25-35 Live Hornworms "Goliath Worms" With extra food to grow to 4" Adult Worms25-35 Live Hornworms "Goliath Worms" With extra food to grow to 4" Adult Worms $17.95 Zoo Med ReptiBator Digital Egg IncubatorZoo Med ReptiBator Digital Egg Incubator $69.99
Wingless Drosophila Melanogaster Fruit Fly Culture 100+ Flies.Free Shipping!Wingless Drosophila Melanogaster Fruit Fly Culture 100+ Flies.Free Shipping! $13.99 Zoo Med Repticare Day & Night TimerZoo Med Repticare Day & Night Timer $13.98
1*Pet Reptile Heater Under Tank Heating Pad Pet Warming Heat Mat Pet Pad 110V Us1*Pet Reptile Heater Under Tank Heating Pad Pet Warming Heat Mat Pet Pad 110V Us $9.77 to $13.50 Live Mealworms - Wholesale Bulk Worms - 500 1000 2000 3000 5000+ - Free ShippingLive Mealworms - Wholesale Bulk Worms - 500 1000 2000 3000 5000+ - Free Shipping $11.75 to $67.00
1000 - Mealworms1000 - Mealworms $14.99 Nano Basking Spot Lamp Bulb 25 watt Terrarium Reptile Tank 25W Zoo MedNano Basking Spot Lamp Bulb 25 watt Terrarium Reptile Tank 25W Zoo Med $6.97
Exo Terra Reptile Cave, X-Large 1ctExo Terra Reptile Cave, X-Large 1ct $10.55 Trending at $11.94 100 Live Mealworm (large)Usa Raised100 Live Mealworm (large)Usa Raised $5.99
Silkworm Eggs-Normal-250Silkworm Eggs-Normal-250 $14.95 Zoo Med ReptiCare Ceramic Infrared Heat Emitter 100w Ce-100 30-40 Gallon NewZoo Med ReptiCare Ceramic Infrared Heat Emitter 100w Ce-100 30-40 Gallon New $17.77
1000 Live Mealworms Medium1000 Live Mealworms Medium $12.99 Digital Temperature Thermometer Hygrometer Humidity Meter Vivarium Tank ReptileDigital Temperature Thermometer Hygrometer Humidity Meter Vivarium Tank Reptile $4.99
32oz Fresh Fruit Fly Culture (Melanogaster)32oz Fresh Fruit Fly Culture (Melanogaster) $12.75 Mazuri Tortoise Diet Food! 1 "Pound"Mazuri Tortoise Diet Food! 1 "Pound" $10.95
Zoo Med Reptitherm Under Tank Heater 10-20GalZoo Med Reptitherm Under Tank Heater 10-20Gal $16.94 Adult Male Dubia Roaches Breeders or Feeders Extra Large Xl Better Than CricketsAdult Male Dubia Roaches Breeders or Feeders Extra Large Xl Better Than Crickets $13.00 to $199.00
Live WaxWorms Wax Worms aka Bee moth 500+ Premium Live $19.99 w/Free ShippingLive WaxWorms Wax Worms aka Bee moth 500+ Premium Live $19.99 w/Free Shipping $19.99 Exo Terra Daytime Heat Lamp 25 wExo Terra Daytime Heat Lamp 25 w $7.99
Exo Terra Pebble Waterfall SmallExo Terra Pebble Waterfall Small $29.99 List price: Previous Price $47.99 Zoo Med Repti Basking Spot Lamps 100W Unique Patented Double Reflector Beam 2PkZoo Med Repti Basking Spot Lamps 100W Unique Patented Double Reflector Beam 2Pk $15.35
Live Superworms 500, 1000, 3000, 4000 - Small, Medium, Large - Free ShippingLive Superworms 500, 1000, 3000, 4000 - Small, Medium, Large - Free Shipping $12.99 to $113.00 New listing
		Zilla 1000 Watt Temperature Controller - New! $25 (Free Shipping)New listing Zilla 1000 Watt Temperature Controller - New! $25 (Free Shipping) $25.00
pt2602 rainforest habitat kit, smallpt2602 rainforest habitat kit, small $133.48 ReptiTherm Uth Mat Heater 10-20 Gallon Reptile Terrarium 6" x 8" Heating PadReptiTherm Uth Mat Heater 10-20 Gallon Reptile Terrarium 6" x 8" Heating Pad $18.97
Symton Feeding Grade Live Black Soldier Fly Larvae BsflSymton Feeding Grade Live Black Soldier Fly Larvae Bsfl $16.99 to $32.99 Live Black Soldier Fly Larvae - Approx. 150 count - 1.38 Ounces Excellent FeedLive Black Soldier Fly Larvae - Approx. 150 count - 1.38 Ounces Excellent Feed $7.99
turtle tank topper – above-tank basking platform for turtle aquariums, 17 x 14turtle tank topper – above-tank basking platform for turtle aquariums, 17 x 14 $54.25 50 Mixed Adult Discoid Roaches - Breeders50 Mixed Adult Discoid Roaches - Breeders $35.00
Live Springtails, Temperate 8oz cultureLive Springtails, Temperate 8oz culture $15.00 40 Giant orange isopods40 Giant orange isopods $38.00
Zoo Med PowerSun Uv 100 W 100W Mercury Vapor Puv-11 Reptile Uva Uvb Bulb NewZoo Med PowerSun Uv 100 W 100W Mercury Vapor Puv-11 Reptile Uva Uvb Bulb New $39.95 Tetra ReptoMin Floating Food Sticks Reptile Food 10.59 oz Turtle, Newts, FrogsTetra ReptoMin Floating Food Sticks Reptile Food 10.59 oz Turtle, Newts, Frogs $8.26 Trending at $8.61
New Zealand Sphagnum Moss Long Fiber 500 Gram Brick - 40 liters Spagmoss NewNew Zealand Sphagnum Moss Long Fiber 500 Gram Brick - 40 liters Spagmoss New $25.95 100 Live banded Crickets full grown pet food reptiles snakes frogs lizards100 Live banded Crickets full grown pet food reptiles snakes frogs lizards $8.49
Live Superworms! Different counts and sizes!Live Superworms! Different counts and sizes! $10.99 to $89.99 F10Sc Veterinary Disinfectant 6.8 oz 200ml Reptiles Birds Cages Habitat CleanerF10Sc Veterinary Disinfectant 6.8 oz 200ml Reptiles Birds Cages Habitat Cleaner $26.95
Fluker's Ceramic Heat Emitter for Reptiles 100 WattFluker's Ceramic Heat Emitter for Reptiles 100 Watt $11.25 5000 Live Mealworms - Rainbow Mealworms5000 Live Mealworms - Rainbow Mealworms $28.49 to $38.78
Live Crickets - Wholesale Bulk Crickets - 500 1000 2000 5000 - Free ShippingLive Crickets - Wholesale Bulk Crickets - 500 1000 2000 5000 - Free Shipping $14.50 to $79.00 Hydei Fruit Fly Culture Preloaded Affordable + Robust with Care Guide!Hydei Fruit Fly Culture Preloaded Affordable + Robust with Care Guide! $12.50
Zoo Med Reptile Bark Fir Bedding, 24 QuartsZoo Med Reptile Bark Fir Bedding, 24 Quarts $16.11 1k small dubia roaches.3/8" on average1k small dubia roaches.3/8" on average $33.00
Small Silkworm PodSmall Silkworm Pod $14.95 2 Breathable Mesh Reptile Bearded Dragons Chameleon Gecko Hammock w/ Suction Cup2 Breathable Mesh Reptile Bearded Dragons Chameleon Gecko Hammock w/ Suction Cup $11.96
Zoo Med Natural Cork Bark, Round, MediumZoo Med Natural Cork Bark, Round, Medium $21.18 100+ Porcellio Scaber Grey Isopods Cleaning Crew, Bio-active Feeder100+ Porcellio Scaber Grey Isopods Cleaning Crew, Bio-active Feeder $24.00
Food Bowl Reptile Water Rock Tortoise Gecko Lizard Amphibians Snakes Repti DishFood Bowl Reptile Water Rock Tortoise Gecko Lizard Amphibians Snakes Repti Dish $6.57 150W 110V Ceramic Heat Emitter Brooder Infrared Lamp Bulb Reptile Pet Coop Grow150W 110V Ceramic Heat Emitter Brooder Infrared Lamp Bulb Reptile Pet Coop Grow $7.99
Live ( Small) Dubia Roaches Blaptica . Free ShippingLive ( Small) Dubia Roaches Blaptica . Free Shipping $8.50 to $22.00 Roach Chow Super Berry Mix 2 lbs. High Protein Food For Dubia And Crickets!Roach Chow Super Berry Mix 2 lbs. High Protein Food For Dubia And Crickets! $12.99
Live Isopods, Dwarf White: From Critters DirectLive Isopods, Dwarf White: From Critters Direct $19.99 to $64.99 110V Pet Reptile Breed Ceramic Heat Emitter Heater Light Brooder Lamp Heat Bulb110V Pet Reptile Breed Ceramic Heat Emitter Heater Light Brooder Lamp Heat Bulb $7.29 to $8.99
Fluker's Orange Cube Complete Cricket Diet 12oz Food vitamins water in one dietFluker's Orange Cube Complete Cricket Diet 12oz Food vitamins water in one diet $7.02 Zoo Med Digital Combo Thermometer Humidity Gauge / HygrometerZoo Med Digital Combo Thermometer Humidity Gauge / Hygrometer $14.95
Amber Technology Organic Reptaid - Reptile Immune System Health Anti-ParasiticAmber Technology Organic Reptaid - Reptile Immune System Health Anti-Parasitic $24.97 110V-130V Nonluminous Infrared Ceramic Heat Emitter Lamp for Reptile 75W-150W110V-130V Nonluminous Infrared Ceramic Heat Emitter Lamp for Reptile 75W-150W $6.49 to $6.89 Was: Previous Price $16.79
Digital Temperature Thermometer Hygrometer Meter Vivarium Tank Reptile +Key RingDigital Temperature Thermometer Hygrometer Meter Vivarium Tank Reptile +Key Ring $4.60 Trending at $4.99 Zoo Med Turtletherm Automatic Preset Aquatic Turtle Heater 50 wattsZoo Med Turtletherm Automatic Preset Aquatic Turtle Heater 50 watts $23.49
Quart Live Organic Sphagnum Moss Vivarium Orchid Carnivorous Plant Fly TrapsQuart Live Organic Sphagnum Moss Vivarium Orchid Carnivorous Plant Fly Traps $6.00 36+ Mixed Live Isopods (sowbugs, woodlice), Free shipping36+ Mixed Live Isopods (sowbugs, woodlice), Free shipping $14.25
Juv Silkworms - (Appx 100 worms) Smallest SizeJuv Silkworms - (Appx 100 worms) Smallest Size $12.10 Zoo Med Reptirain Automatic Misting Machine 690102 Aquariam NewZoo Med Reptirain Automatic Misting Machine 690102 Aquariam New $85.38
Zoo Med Hermit Crab SoilZoo Med Hermit Crab Soil $5.49 Live Superworms Large. 250, 500, & 1,000 Free ShippingLive Superworms Large. 250, 500, & 1,000 Free Shipping $14.50 to $23.50
Exo Terra Solar Glo 160W Reptile Bulb Uvb Basking Heat Lizard Mvb Mercury VaporExo Terra Solar Glo 160W Reptile Bulb Uvb Basking Heat Lizard Mvb Mercury Vapor $34.75 110V Digital Temperature Controller Thermostat reptile snake heater heating warm110V Digital Temperature Controller Thermostat reptile snake heater heating warm $38.99
Live Springtails, Tropical White: From Critters DirectLive Springtails, Tropical White: From Critters Direct $16.99 to $37.99 Reptile Turtle Pier Basking Terrace Aquarium Floating PlatformReptile Turtle Pier Basking Terrace Aquarium Floating Platform $6.49 to $7.49
Zilla 09930 Night Black Heat Incandescent Spot Bulb, 100-WattZilla 09930 Night Black Heat Incandescent Spot Bulb, 100-Watt $7.13 Aquatic Turtle Food Growth 4 Pounds Floating 38% Protein Bulk Bag Free ShippingAquatic Turtle Food Growth 4 Pounds Floating 38% Protein Bulk Bag Free Shipping $19.85
One Gallon Bag Live Organic Sphagnum Moss Terrarium Vivarium Fairy Garden FrogsOne Gallon Bag Live Organic Sphagnum Moss Terrarium Vivarium Fairy Garden Frogs $12.99 Live Mealworms - Free Shipping!Live Mealworms - Free Shipping! $8.49 to $97.74 Was: Previous Price $12.99
500+ Med/Lg Live Mealworms500+ Med/Lg Live Mealworms $10.90 Reptile Heater Heat Mat 7W Pad Thermo UnderTank 10-20 Gal 110V Waterproof 6x11"Reptile Heater Heat Mat 7W Pad Thermo UnderTank 10-20 Gal 110V Waterproof 6x11" $13.91
Zilla Day-White Black 50 W 75 100 150 Watt Heat Light Reptile Spot BulbZilla Day-White Black 50 W 75 100 150 Watt Heat Light Reptile Spot Bulb $8.97 to $10.97 300W Metal Ceramic Heat Uv Uvb Lamp Light Holder Clamp Brooder Reptile Black Us300W Metal Ceramic Heat Uv Uvb Lamp Light Holder Clamp Brooder Reptile Black Us $8.99
Zoo Med Betta Bed Leaf HammockZoo Med Betta Bed Leaf Hammock $4.48 500 Live Crickets full grown banded crickets Better Funner Faster Feeders Tryemm500 Live Crickets full grown banded crickets Better Funner Faster Feeders Tryemm $14.99
MistKing Starter Misting System Version 4.0 Brand New orchids frogs geckos fernsMistKing Starter Misting System Version 4.0 Brand New orchids frogs geckos ferns $120.99 Mazuri Tortoise Chow 2 Lbs.Mazuri Tortoise Chow 2 Lbs. $12.95
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Prices current as of last update, 10/13/17 7:36pm.

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