Testudo hermanni boettgeriYoung American Alligator Georgetown, South CarolinaGreek tortoise of North-East Turkey

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Reptiles are tetrapods, and also are amniotes, animals whose embryos are surrounded by an amniotic membrane. Today they are represented by four surviving orders: more...

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  • Crocodilia (crocodiles, Caimans and alligators): 23 species
  • Rhynchocephalia (tuataras from New Zealand): 2 species
  • Squamata (lizards, snakes and amphisbaenids ("worm-lizards") ): approximately 7,600 species
  • Testudines (turtles): approximately 300 species
  • Aves (birds): approximately 9,000 species, here categorized as a seperate class.

Reptiles are found on every continent except for Antarctica, although their main distribution comprises the tropics and subtropics. Though all cellular metabolism produces some heat, modern species of reptiles do not generate enough to maintain a constant body temperature and are thus referred to as "cold-blooded", though this term has fallen out of favor. (See the Leatherback Sea Turtle for an exception: a reptile that elevates its body temperature well above that of its surroundings.) Instead they rely on gathering and losing heat from the environment to regulate their internal temperature, e.g, by moving between sun and shade, or by preferential circulation — moving warmed blood into the body core, while pushing cool blood to the periphery. In their natural habitats, most species are adept at this, and can maintain core body temperatures within a fairly narrow range, comparable to that of mammals and birds, the two surviving groups of "warm-blooded" animals. While this lack of adequate internal heating imposes costs relative to temperature regulation through behavior, it also provides a large benefit by allowing reptiles to survive on much less food than comparably-sized mammals and birds, who burn much of their food for warmth. While warm-blooded animals move faster in general, an attacking lizard, snake or crocodile moves very quickly.

Most reptile species are oviparous (egg-laying). Many species of squamates, however, are capable of giving live birth. This is achieved, either through ovoviviparity (egg retention), or viviparity (babies born without use of calcified eggs). Many of the viviparous species feed their fetuses through various forms of placenta, just like mammals (Pianka & Vitt, 2003 pgs: 116-118). They often provide considerable initial care for their hatchlings.

However, note the taxonomy issues described below; mammals and birds can also be viewed as descendants of reptiles.

Classification of reptiles

From the classical standpoint, reptiles included all the amniotes except birds and mammals. Thus reptiles were defined as the set of animals that includes crocodiles, alligators, tuatara, lizards, snakes, amphisbaenians and turtles, grouped together as the class Reptilia (Latin repere, "to creep"). This is still the usual definition of the term.

Read more at Wikipedia.org


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Heat Mat Reptile Brooder Incubator Heating Pad Warm Heater Pet Supply 5W-45W`UsHeat Mat Reptile Brooder Incubator Heating Pad Warm Heater Pet Supply 5W-45W`Us $7.39 to $14.87 Was:  Previous Price $16.16 250 to 4,000 Live Superworms All Sizes Free Shipping250 to 4,000 Live Superworms All Sizes Free Shipping $16.00 to $25.00
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Exo Terra Faunarium, Flat Home terrarium for reptiles, amphibians, mice etc NewExo Terra Faunarium, Flat Home terrarium for reptiles, amphibians, mice etc New $9.99 25W-100W 110V/220V Ceramic Infrared Reptile Heat Emitter Heater Lamp Bulb E2725W-100W 110V/220V Ceramic Infrared Reptile Heat Emitter Heater Lamp Bulb E27 $5.20 to $5.89 Was:  Previous Price $6.54
Zoo Med Aquatic Turtle Food Sampler Value Pack (Free Shipping in Usa)Zoo Med Aquatic Turtle Food Sampler Value Pack (Free Shipping in Usa) $13.95 Discoid Roaches Small/Medium Free Shipping Fl LegalDiscoid Roaches Small/Medium Free Shipping Fl Legal $21.99
Springtail Culture(temperate) 8ozSpringtail Culture(temperate) 8oz $6.99 Large Phoenix Worms (Bsfl)Large Phoenix Worms (Bsfl) $16.95 to $38.42
Tetra TetraFauna ReptoMin Select-A-Food for Aquatic Turtles, Newts FrogsTetra TetraFauna ReptoMin Select-A-Food for Aquatic Turtles, Newts Frogs $5.04 250+ All Organic Live Mealworms - For Breeding / Feeding - Free shipping!250+ All Organic Live Mealworms - For Breeding / Feeding - Free shipping! $10.95
Reptile Turtle Tortoise Vivarium Box Aquarium Tank with Basking Ramp White BlueReptile Turtle Tortoise Vivarium Box Aquarium Tank with Basking Ramp White Blue $12.99 to $13.29 Zoo Med Economy Analog Dual Thermometer and Humidity Gauge, 6 x 4"Zoo Med Economy Analog Dual Thermometer and Humidity Gauge, 6 x 4" $8.98
Provent-a-Mite Provent-a-mite reptile mite sprayProvent-a-Mite Provent-a-mite reptile mite spray $23.75 Zoo Med Creatures Creature Food Jelly CupZoo Med Creatures Creature Food Jelly Cup $2.61 to $14.56
Reptile Light Bulb Uv Heat Lamp Tortoise Turtle Calcium Supplement E27 Uvb UvaReptile Light Bulb Uv Heat Lamp Tortoise Turtle Calcium Supplement E27 Uvb Uva $5.99 Silkworm 35 -60- 85 - 100 -125 - 150 Size 0.5"- 0.75" Will be Ship on ChowSilkworm 35 -60- 85 - 100 -125 - 150 Size 0.5"- 0.75" Will be Ship on Chow $12.22 to $35.55
2500 Live Medium High Quality Mealworms Organically Raised in the (Pnw)2500 Live Medium High Quality Mealworms Organically Raised in the (Pnw) $22.00 Zoo Med Turtletherm Aquatic Turtle HeaterZoo Med Turtletherm Aquatic Turtle Heater $19.99 to $33.95
Chief Reptile Frozen Feeder MiceChief Reptile Frozen Feeder Mice $24.99 Zoo Med Repti Calcium with D3 Ultra Fine 12ozZoo Med Repti Calcium with D3 Ultra Fine 12oz $11.95
Fluker's Buffet Blend Food Adult Bearded Dragons Protein, Fat Vitamins MineralsFluker's Buffet Blend Food Adult Bearded Dragons Protein, Fat Vitamins Minerals $2.75 Zoo Med Mini Combo Deep Dome Lamp Fixture, BlackZoo Med Mini Combo Deep Dome Lamp Fixture, Black $26.99
100, 250, 500, 1000+ Live Crickets (Banded) - Guaranteed Live Delivery Over 25 F100, 250, 500, 1000+ Live Crickets (Banded) - Guaranteed Live Delivery Over 25 F $17.99 to $75.99 Fluker's Aquatic Turtle Buffet Blend FoodFluker's Aquatic Turtle Buffet Blend Food $5.95 Trending at $6.41
3 Pack Natural Cork Bark Round, Small3 Pack Natural Cork Bark Round, Small $9.38 24 -30 Live Tomato Goliath Hornworms - Free Shipping24 -30 Live Tomato Goliath Hornworms - Free Shipping $17.98
Dry MealwormsDry Mealworms $6.00 to $25.00 Adjustable Bearded Dragon Reptile Lizard Gecko Critters Harness Leash Keep RopeAdjustable Bearded Dragon Reptile Lizard Gecko Critters Harness Leash Keep Rope $6.18 to $6.98
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Zoo Med Nano Ceramic Heat EmitterZoo Med Nano Ceramic Heat Emitter $12.60 25-30 Live Hornworms Enough Food To Grow to 1-1/2 to 2" max.25-30 Live Hornworms Enough Food To Grow to 1-1/2 to 2" max. $19.21
110V Pet Reptile Heater Under Tank Heating Pad Warming Heat Mat Pets Pad110V Pet Reptile Heater Under Tank Heating Pad Warming Heat Mat Pets Pad $7.19 to $10.49 Was:  Previous Price $7.99 1000 Giant Mealworms Live - Free Shipping1000 Giant Mealworms Live - Free Shipping $24.99
Zoo Med Repti Sticks Floating Aquatic Turtle Food Vitamins and Minerals 4.85ozZoo Med Repti Sticks Floating Aquatic Turtle Food Vitamins and Minerals 4.85oz $8.94 New Snake Tongs Heavy Duty Stick Grabber Foldable Catcher With Lock 70/100/120cmNew Snake Tongs Heavy Duty Stick Grabber Foldable Catcher With Lock 70/100/120cm $13.95 to $15.95 Was:  Previous Price $35.99
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Zoo Med Natural Maintenance Formula Aquatic Turtle FoodZoo Med Natural Maintenance Formula Aquatic Turtle Food $6.59 to $10.19 List price:  Previous Price $17.99 Zoo Med Natural Bush Plant Madagascar BambooZoo Med Natural Bush Plant Madagascar Bamboo $6.95 to $9.95
Zoo Med Forest Floor BeddingZoo Med Forest Floor Bedding $4.08 to $62.10 Reptile Heat Rock Terrarium Heater Heating Lizard Snakes Pet Mini SizeReptile Heat Rock Terrarium Heater Heating Lizard Snakes Pet Mini Size $10.55
iPower Digital Heat Mat Thermostat Controller Seed Germination Reptiles &BrewingiPower Digital Heat Mat Thermostat Controller Seed Germination Reptiles &Brewing $17.99 Zoo Med ReptiSafe Water Conditioner 8.75Zoo Med ReptiSafe Water Conditioner 8.75 $8.89
50 large superworms50 large superworms $7.90 Zoo Med Eco Earth Compressed Coconut Fiber SubstrateZoo Med Eco Earth Compressed Coconut Fiber Substrate $3.15 to $57.04
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Food Bowl Reptile Water Rock Tortoise Gecko Lizard Amphibians Snakes Repti DishFood Bowl Reptile Water Rock Tortoise Gecko Lizard Amphibians Snakes Repti Dish $7.76 Dubia Roaches 100 (Small, Medium,Large,X-Large)Dubia Roaches 100 (Small, Medium,Large,X-Large) $21.99 to $24.99
Live Large Silkworms! & Premade Silkworm Food!Live Large Silkworms! & Premade Silkworm Food! $7.00 to $10.00 Foldable Snak
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e Reptile Tongs Grabber Hook & Bag Heavy Duty Handling Tool CatcherFoldable Snak 00004000 e Reptile Tongs Grabber Hook & Bag Heavy Duty Handling Tool Catcher $9.49
Live Superworms - 250 Large - Organically Raised - Free Shipping!Live Superworms - 250 Large - Organically Raised - Free Shipping! $18.99 Zoo Med PowerSun Uv 80 watt, Puv-12 Self Ballasted Mercury Vapor Uvb Lamp NewZoo Med PowerSun Uv 80 watt, Puv-12 Self Ballasted Mercury Vapor Uvb Lamp New $29.50
Zoo Med High Range Reptile ThermometerZoo Med High Range Reptile Thermometer $4.95 Waxworms, Wax worms, Bee Moth Larvae, Fishing, Reptile Feeders, Free ShippingWaxworms, Wax worms, Bee Moth Larvae, Fishing, Reptile Feeders, Free Shipping $9.99 to $23.99
150W 110V Ceramic Heat Emitter Brooder Infrared Lamp Bulb Reptile Pet Coop Grow150W 110V Ceramic Heat Emitter Brooder Infrared Lamp Bulb Reptile Pet Coop Grow $7.99 Repashy SuperPigRepashy SuperPig $14.99 to $32.99
12-Oz. Fresh Reptile Tortoise Super Food - Spineless Opuntia Prickly Pear Cactus12-Oz. Fresh Reptile Tortoise Super Food - Spineless Opuntia Prickly Pear Cactus $9.99 Zoo Med Premium Repti BarkZoo Med Premium Repti Bark $6.69 to $19.59 List price:  Previous Price $24.99
500+ Med/Lg Live Mealworms500+ Med/Lg Live Mealworms $13.40 500 Live Waxworms Wax Worms Bee moth Live Fishing Bait Reptile and Bird Treats500 Live Waxworms Wax Worms Bee moth Live Fishing Bait Reptile and Bird Treats $24.34
Zoo Med Multiport Fogger Attachment 3-in-1 Splitter For ReptifoggerZoo Med Multiport Fogger Attachment 3-in-1 Splitter For Reptifogger $12.78 Trending at $14.62 Zoo Med Repti Basking Spot Lamp 2 Bulb Value Pack, 75 WattsZoo Med Repti Basking Spot Lamp 2 Bulb Value Pack, 75 Watts $13.99
Live Mealworms - Grown Organic Meal Worms for Reptiles - 1000 Bulk Feeder InsectLive Mealworms - Grown Organic Meal Worms for Reptiles - 1000 Bulk Feeder Insect $12.45 iPower Terrarium Heater Warmer Waterproof Reptile Heat Pad for keep PetsiPower Terrarium Heater Warmer Waterproof Reptile Heat Pad for keep Pets $11.99 to $22.99
Zoo Med Floating Turtle Dock, Mini *Free Shipping*Zoo Med Floating Turtle Dock, Mini *Free Shipping* $11.99 Th-100 Thermometer Hygrometer for Reptile Terrarium, Amphibian & Aquarium NewTh-100 Thermometer Hygrometer for Reptile Terrarium, Amphibian & Aquarium New $12.95
Zoo Med TurtleClean Deluxe Turtle FilterZoo Med TurtleClean Deluxe Turtle Filter $14.14 to $17.51 12 oz Cooked Hornworm Food12 oz Cooked Hornworm Food $13.99
100 Large Superworms-Free Shipping-Live Arrival Guarantee100 Large Superworms-Free Shipping-Live Arrival Guarantee $11.40 Zoo Med Reptitemp Digital Thermostat Controller Rt-600Zoo Med Reptitemp Digital Thermostat Controller Rt-600 $34.99
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Prices current as of last update, 08/08/19 5:27pm.

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